Surgery Help Distal Femoral
I was lookign at CPT 27514, but Im just not sure. Does anyone have any suggestions on how this surgery should be coded?
Distal femoral fracture, comminuted, osteopenic.
1. Open reduction and internal fixation of distal femoral
2. Distal femoral replacing hinged knee replacement.
1. DePuy LPS distal femoral replacing hinged knee replacement,
left-sided, extra small, with a 31 mm sleeve and a 16 x 75 mm
2. DePuy MBT size 3 revision tibial component with a 29 mm
sleeve and a 13 x 30 mm stem.
3. Extra small 12 mm thick LPS hinged polyethylene insert.
4. A 35 mm oval dome patella.
DESCRIPTION OF OPERATION:
The extensor mechanism was opened through a standard medial
parapatellar approach. A large hemarthrosis was evacuated.
Additional exposure was gained by elevating the tissue off the
proximal medial tibia around to the midline. We split the
suprapatellar pouch which was already split and edematous. The
fracture hematoma was evacuated. She had significant
comminution. There was a sagittal split right down to the
condyles. There was a transverse fracture at the metaphyseal
flare on the medial side. There were 2 large fragments going up
the medial and lateral side. We spent painstaking effort and
time shelling out the portions of the distal femur, removing the
anterior cruciate ligament, posterior cruciate ligament, and
meniscus. We were able to reduce the fracture fragments on the
medial side and placed a cerclage cable, both to release hoop
stresses as well as to retain some of the medial side of the
bone. With the fracture more reduced, we were able to bring the
leg out to length. We measured from the joint line 100 mm up the
femur, which encompassed most of the fracture pieces. The
femoral shaft was marked here. We reduced the trochlea as best
as was possible and assessed our overall rotation off the tibial
tubercle and the patella and marked our trochlear groove,
Whiteside's line on this proximal portion of the femur as well.
We were then able to shell out most of the femur and ultimately
cut what remained of the shaft at 100 mm. The cerclage wire was
tightened but not crimped, and it kept all the pieces together.
We then turned our attention to the tibia. The tibia was
exposed. The meniscal remnants were removed. The proximal tibia
was cut using an extramedullary guide. These bony surfaces were
obviously pristine as the primary area. We prepared it for size
3 MBT tibia and a 29 mm sleeve. Trial was inserted. We turned
our attention back to the femur. The femoral shaft was reamed to
accept a 16 mm stem. The small 31 mm broach was seated nicely at
the 100 mm cut. It was quite tight and rotationally solid here.
We went back and forth with multiple trials. It appeared that
we needed 100 mm of distal length with plus or minus 0 or 5
adapter. For that reason, we dropped down to a 35 mm segment to
give us 95 mm of implant and we could use the 0, 5, or 10 mm
adapter. It appeared that we had good rotation, good femoral and
tibial tracking, and not over lengthening as we could still
separate the 12 mm polyethylene tibial tray. At this time, we
prepared the patella as well. It was measured and cut to accept
a 35 mm patella. We then cemented the tibial component in place
and the patella component in place. The tourniquet was
ultimately deflated, and hemostasis was achieved. We assembled
the femoral component on the back table. We chose a 5 mm adapter
with 95 mm of length to get us back on 100. We were able to
impact this into place. It was extremely tight. The sleeve was
extremely solid. It actually countersunk 1 mm or 2 mm, and it
clearly stopped and would not go any further. We undertook
multiple trials of polyethylene and settled on a 12. The 14 just
seemed a little bit tight.
I think you are right on with the 27514 for the femur work. Since you replaced the tibial plateaus, would 27442-59 fit for the tibial work?