Medicare Panel Rescinds Annual CTs for Heavy Smokers
The Medicare Evidence Development and Coverage Committee voted in April that it can’t justify paying for annual computed tomography (CT) scans for early lung cancer detection in heavy smokers.
According to Modern Healthcare, the committee indicated to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) “that they had little confidence that the benefits of subjecting Medicare beneficiaries to regular scans outweighed the risks of the psychological trauma or unnecessary surgeries that could result from false positives.”
The committee’s decision is a non-binding counter act to the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force’s December 2013 recommendation that heavy smokers (ex-smokers and current) 55 to 80 years of age should be covered for yearly scans, costing insurers typically $300 to $400 for each CT scan.
The USPSTF’s decision was based on the National Lung Screening Trial, “which found a 20% reduction in deaths among current and former heavy smokers over age 55 who were screened using CT scans versus those screened using chest X-rays,” according to Modern Healthcare.
Medicare Evidence Development and Coverage Committee, composed mostly of clinicians, concluded the National Lung Screening Trial did not have enough evidence to recommend a new coverage policy to CMS, and more studies should be conducted.
A proposed decision is expected from CMS in November, with a national coverage determination by February 2015.
Source: ModernHealthcare.com, Virgil Dickson, “CMS should not pay for regular CT screenings for heavy smokers, panel says”
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