There are different types of anesthesia. Local anesthesia is used for minor surgeries. For local anesthesia, the services are included in the CPT® code for the surgical encounter.
There are three types of anesthesia performed and billed by anesthesia providers. They are MAC, regional, and general.
1. MAC is monitored anesthesia care. For MAC, the patient has a decreased awareness and he or she cannot easily be aroused, but will respond to painful or repeated stimuli. The patient is not unconscious, and is able to control his own airway.
2. Regional anesthesia includes blocks, spinals, and epidurals.
3. General anesthesia is where the patient is unconscious and has no control of his or her airway.