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Medical Coding and Billing Salary Survey 2019

Medical Coding and Billing Salary Survey 2019

In this climate of healthcare reform, AAPC members are advancing their careers in leaps and bounds.

As an AAPC-credentialed member, you should be proud of yourself. You’ve taken what AAPC offers and run with it, creating a reputable industry of healthcare revenue integrity specialists. AAPC’s 2019 Salary Survey shows the solid footings you’ve instilled in the business of healthcare, and there’s nowhere for you to go but up. AAPC credentials have become industry standards — all thanks to you — and now you are reaping the rewards for securing your provider’s financial stability.
Our 2019 Salary Survey is a testament to how far you’ve come.

There’s Strength in Numbers

As shown in Figure A, AAPC membership has grown from 10 members in 1988 to 195,000 in 2019. That looks good on us, but we tip our hats to you for putting the “professional” in Certified Professional Coder (CPC®). You have banded together to create an indelible bond.
There are many changes in healthcare reimbursement on the horizon — such as the Medicare changes to evaluation and management services. AAPC will be there the whole way — providing you with the tools and education necessary to excel in your daily work, and the credentials to prove your merit.

Figure A: AAPC Membership Growth by Year


Show Me the Money

Our survey shows the value of your AAPC credentials is catching on among employers. The average salary of all survey respondents* is $54,890 — a healthy 5.8 percent increase over last year’s average. This is the highest salary increase reported since we began conducting our annual salary survey.
There are many factors, however, that go into how much you can earn as a medical coder or other healthcare business professional, including:

  •   Your job setting
  •   Years of experience
  •   Education level
  •   Position
  •   Credential(s)
  •   Geographic location
  •   Hours worked

Our Salary Survey looks at each of these factors individually and as a whole.

Factor in Where you Work

Healthcare reform has had a significant impact on where healthcare business professionals are working these days. Whereas approximately 37.2 percent of respondents reported working for small- to large physician practices in 2015, that number has dropped to about 9.5 percent. As shown in Figure B, health systems and inpatient/outpatient hospitals are now the biggest employers.

Figure B: 2019 Percentage Per Workplace

Regarding salary by workplace, we continue to see increases in all the most common organization types. These increases are healthy without being overwhelming on employers. Based on the historical trend of the data, we’re optimistic about next year’s salary averages.
As shown in Figure C, the largest increase came for those employed in large group practices, but the highest paid are those who work in health systems.

Figure C: Salary by Workplace

Experience and Higher Education Pay Off

A decade ago, on the tail end of the Great Recession, it was tough for many people to find employment. Consequently, a lot of individuals in the business of healthcare (and many other fields) went back to school to earn degrees. This year’s survey highlights both the increase in overall education levels and how much this higher learning is paying off.
As shown in Figure D, many more of you have four or more years of college than was the norm in 2009. And, as shown in Figure E, it’s paying off. Although only 6.3 percent of respondents reported holding a graduate degree, that’s nearly double the number in 2009. And in one year, those members’ salaries have increased almost 20 percent.

Figure D: Education Compared to a Decade Ago

Figure E: Salary by Education Compared to Last Year

Position Yourself for Success

Given that more than a quarter of our survey respondents are managers and auditors — typically positions that require experience — it is not surprising to see the overall experience average rise to 12.6 years (our highest average yet). As shown in Figure F, AAPC Certified Instructors are the most experienced in the group. Other managers with the Certified Physician Practice Manager (CPPM®) credential and compliance officers with the Certified Professional Compliance Officer (CPCO™) credential run a close second.

Figure F: Average Experience by Responsibility and Credential

Understandably, greater pay comes with more experience, regardless of job title. As shown in Figure G, the largest jumps in salary tend to happen early in an individual’s healthcare career. Salaries tend to increase about $1,500 annually the first 10-15 years, and then reduce by half. One way to overcome stagnation is to change jobs — such as a medical coder becoming a coding manager. This likely explains the 16 percent jump in salaries for members with five to nine years of experience, as shown in Figure H.

Figure G: Salary by Experience

Figure H: Salary Increase for Each Experience Level

Salary increases by job responsibility are telling of what’s going on in the industry right now: Experienced practice/office managers are essential in implementing all the changes coming from Washington, D.C. As shown in Figure I, practice/office managers received the highest salary increase in 2019 — going from approximately $60,000 to $65,000 per year. This is not just the highest salary we’ve seen these managers get paid, but the biggest jump we’ve seen in their salaries.

Figure I: Salary by Job Responsibility

As shown in Figure J, each certification earned salary increases in 2019. The Certified Inpatient Coder (CIC™) ranked highest in terms of salary increases. Members holding the CIC™ saw their salary increase 13 percent from 2017 to 2018, and another 14 percent increase on top of that in 2019. This is likely due to the increase in health systems and hospitals, which has created a greater demand for inpatient coders.

Figure J: Salary by Credential

Working Nine to Five

Evaluating the hours worked per week reveals a sizable change from last year; more of you are working fewer hours. As shown in Figure K, the standard workweek of 40 hours is most common (56 percent), with a greatly diminished number of people who worked overtime in 2019 compared to previous years. It’s good to know those in the industry can work a standard number of hours and still see their wages increase. But there appears to be bonuses in store for those who are willing and able to go the extra mile.
Those who put in 40 hours a week earned an average of $51,082, while those who worked 41-50 hours made an average $61,700, and those who worked more than 50 hours earned an average $75,527.

Figure K: Hours Worked Per Week

Production Standards, Accuracy, and Pay Rates

An analysis of production and internal auditing standards yielded some unique salary averages. Those with employers that have a set production standard, regardless of what the standard is, earn an average of $53,589, while those whose employers have no production standard earn an average of $55,573. The difference may be minimal, but it could indicate that cost-conscious employers are looking for ways to get as much out of their employees as possible and pay as little as possible for it.
Conversely, individuals who are held to a specified accuracy rate — again, regardless of the rate — earn $56,719 on average, while their counterparts with no set internal audit goals earn $52,637. This indicates that employers see the value in quality work and reduced risk.
Production standards for inpatient records are most commonly set at more than 40 records daily, as shown in Table A. Outpatient and physician coders are held to roughly the same standard. As shown in Table B, the common production standard for these coders is 25-50 records, with 76-100 records daily coming in at a close second. Table C indicates coders are held to near-perfection standards, with 20.8 percent of you held to a 96-98 percent accuracy rate.
Table A:
Production Standards: Inpatient

Number of Charts Percent of Respondents
Less than 5 6.1%
5 to 10 10.8%
11 to 15 12.8%
16 to 20 13.2%
21 to 25 6.9%
26 to 30 3.8%
31 to 35 2.2%
36 to 40 3.5%
More than 40 19.8%

Table B:
Production Standards: Outpatient and Professional Services

Outpatient Professional Services
Number of Charts Percent of Respondents
Less than 25 13.5% 14.4%
25 to 50 24.0% 19.9%
51 to 75 14.9% 14.5%
76 to 100 18.2% 16.1%
101 to 125 7.7% 8.3%
126 to 150 5.5% 5.7%
More than 150 7.8% 8.9%

Table C:
Employer Internal Audit Expectations

Accuracy Expectation Percent of Respondents
Less than 80% 1.1%
80% – 85% 3.4%
86% – 90% 4.4%
91% – 95% 19.4%
96% – 98% 20.8%
More than 98% 5.7%


Coders Have Goals and Aspirations

Employers can learn some interesting lessons from the common goals of respondents who were looking for a different job or who had varying levels of job satisfaction. Respondents making between $25,000 and $65,000 per year who were looking for a new job all had a common goal: to make more money.
After that salary benchmark, aspirations changed a bit, with most wanting more advancement opportunities.
Those who were in the very lowest two salary levels — less than $25,000 a year — who were also looking for a new job, were doing so primarily to capitalize on their skills more, not because they wanted more money.
Survey respondents who said they were very satisfied with their job made an average of $59,562. Approximately 60 percent of these happy campers worked onsite. Those who were open to finding a new job were primarily interested in doing so for the prospect of working remotely.
Those who were very dissatisfied with their job earned an average of $47,068. Approximately 74 percent of these individuals worked onsite, and those looking for a different job said their primary reason for doing so was because they didn’t like the environment in which they worked.

Members See Widespread Salary Increases

Salaries saw steady, reliable growth in 2019, paralleling the trend with AAPC’s membership growth. Nationally, salaries for medical coders and other revenue integrity specialists increased across the board, as shown in Figure L. In fact, the smallest increase this year was highest increase last year! Historically speaking, the mountain region has had the closest average salary ($54,603) to the overall survey average. Salaries in that region are a good representation of what our members are earning in the United States as a whole, industry-wide.

Figure L: Average Salary by Region

AAPC members are making steady, reliable growth in their careers, earning more credentials, validating knowledge with greater educational achievements, accumulating more experience through dedicated hard work, and providing quality results to their employers. This positions our credentialed members right where they need to be as the healthcare industry prepares for value-based reimbursement and increased scrutiny.

*The data used in this article is from December 14, 2019, when the 2019 Salary Survey had received 19,525 responses — the most ever. The strength of this sample size means this data has only a ±1% margin of error.

12 Responses to “Medical Coding and Billing Salary Survey 2019”

  1. Joan says:

    Please also report the median salary in future surveys. Thank you!

  2. Marilyn Martell says:

    What about salary for a certified coder that does billing instead of coding? A biller is the last one seeing the codes before they send the bill out the door.
    It is in a sense of auditing the codes to make sure everything is there. How does salary fit this?

  3. Jolanda says:

    My company paid me $15/h. That is even no closed to the results of your survey. I’m a coder-certificated pharmacy technician in NJ

  4. Nancy Rexford says:

    Despite the figures listed in the above AAPC survey, I have found the experience very different. After completing an AAPC approved course at a community college in July 2019 in Portland, OR and subsequently taking and passing the AAPC certification exam, I and at least two fellow students find it impossible so far to find a job as a coder in this area. We did not limit our job search to a coding position but included various positions in billing and other clerical positions in hospitals, offices, walk-in clinics etc. None of us have so far succeeded in finding a position. Two of the three people applying are looking for full time employment and one for a part time position (which seem to be much scarcer in on-line searches). Our backgrounds vary from none to fairly extensive experience in the healthcare industry. I find this reality very much at odds with the advertisements both from the community college and from AAPC. Do you have any explanation or suggestions other than going back to school for further courses? Thank you for your feedback.

  5. Nicole says:

    Could you please consider listing average salaries by state next year? This would be good information if coders would like to relocate.

  6. Deborah Baker says:

    Look for companies that hire CPC – A’s like Optum/United Health Group……that is a good way to get the experience you need when others won’t hire someone straight out of school!!

  7. Laura says:

    Next year could you include a description, or a definition, of what you meant by a ‘health system’? Thanks.

  8. Surej Ravindran says:

    Please check UAE coders job market where salary decreasing drastically. Now facilities are hiring certified coders as trainees even without salary. Coders are ready to join also as certified coders supply is more. This condition in turn affecting salary of experienced also.
    Requesting AAPC to do something urgently to keep the value of the certification.
    In UAE insurance jobs, if join anyone join as insurance co-ordinator atleast a minimum salary will geat, but if anyone says having coding certification, then have to join as trainee without salary. This is the situation.

  9. Christine Bailey says:

    I graduated in 2018, and I wasn’t successful in finding a coding position. So, I settled for a billing position in a medical clinic. They informed me I would get the extra training I needed since I had just graduated. I started in September, and they terminated me in October. My supervisor stated; they didn’t have the time to train me and would prefer someone with more experience. I now work at a family doctors practice as a receptionist, and I enjoy the job but my goal is to work as a coder once I pass the exam. Any helpful suggestions to help me on my journey would be greatly appreciated.

  10. Casandra Worden says:

    I took the class so long ago and put off taking my test, should’ve done it years ago. Now to find a coding position!

  11. Amber says:

    Can you guys stop allowing people to certify with the AAPC while living and working in other countries? That’s allowing employers to send jobs overseas and pay them pennies while underpaying certified coders in the United States. I’m sure people having a hard time finding a job is due to employers outsourcing jobs overseas. So you’re assisting employers in giving our jobs to workers overseas our jobs and keeping us poor due to these low wages! Please stop!

  12. Lisa says:

    I am writing in response to a few people on here saying they are frustrated and cannot find a coder position right away. It is not easy to find a job as a coder right out the gate.. I became certified almost 10 years ago and I started at a small billing firm as a jack of all trades and did everything from charge entry to appeals for a very small paycheck but I learned a lot about the medical billing world. I found a second job after that for 2 years doing coding for outpatient procedures at a small hospital, I then found a really good coding job at a more major hospital system and learned a ton. I kept learning and took on more and more specialties and challenges. My goal has always been to go as far as I can and get into auditing which I now have been doing for 2 years. The key is to keep learning and pursue a couple extra certifications along the way. This industry does have opportunities but they will not come to you without some bad paychecks in the beginning and lots of continued education and persistent hard work.