# Billing Based on Time

#### maryan611

##### New
I have a question on how to code for an E/M service based on time when 50% or more of the time is spent counseling or coordinating care.

Here is my example:
A physician sees an established patient and documents a level 3 service based on the 3 key components. At the end of the visit the patient states she is concerned about depression. The physician spends 16 minutes counseling the patient on depression, signs, symptoms and treatment options. Can the physician assign the "typical time" associated with the documented 99213 added to the documented counseling time and select the E/M code based on the Total time of 31 minutes:
Documented visit 99213= 15 minutes
Documented counseling time= 16 minutes
Total Time spent = 31 minues = 99214
OR

should the physician document the "Actual total visit time" with the patient? (the code would then be selected based on that actual total time; if the counseling time was more than 50% of the actual total time.)

If the physician wants to bill based on time because the counseling was for more than 50% of the visit, the physician needs to state the total face-to-face time (the actual total time, not the 'typical time' for the E/M), the counseling time and a brief synopsis of what the counseling was for. They may have spent more that the 'typical time' with the patient so could get credit for it.

I have a question on how to code for an E/M service based on time when 50% or more of the time is spent counseling or coordinating care.

Here is my example:
A physician sees an established patient and documents a level 3 service based on the 3 key components. At the end of the visit the patient states she is concerned about depression. The physician spends 16 minutes counseling the patient on depression, signs, symptoms and treatment options. Can the physician assign the "typical time" associated with the documented 99213 added to the documented counseling time and select the E/M code based on the Total time of 31 minutes:
Documented visit 99213= 15 minutes
Documented counseling time= 16 minutes
Total Time spent = 31 minues = 99214
OR

should the physician document the "Actual total visit time" with the patient? (the code would then be selected based on that actual total time; if the counseling time was more than 50% of the actual total time.)

In order to code a visit based on time, the total visit time and the counseling time MUST be documented.
For example, the total time was 40 minutes and 30 minutes was the counseling. In this case, if the pt was established, the code would be 99215.

Hope, this helps.
Lilit