Wiki Incarcerated hernia question

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G
Code: K42.0
Code Name: ICD-10 Code for Umbilical hernia with obstruction, without gangrene
Block: Hernia (K40-K46)
Details: Umbilical hernia with obstruction, without gangrene
Umbilical hernia causing obstruction, without gangrene
Incarcerated umbilical hernia, without gangrene
Irreducible umbilical hernia, without gangrene
Strangulated umbilical hernia, without gangrene
K42
Includes: paraumbilical hernia
Excludes1: omphalocele (Q79.2)
Guidelines: Diseases of the digestive system (K00-K95)
Excludes 2: certain conditions originating in the perinatal period (P04-P96)
certain infectious and parasitic diseases (A00-B99)
complications of pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium (O00-O9A)
congenital malformations, deformations and chromosomal abnormalities (Q00-Q99)
endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases (E00-E88)
injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes (S00-T88)
neoplasms (C00-D49)
symptoms, signs and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings, not elsewhere classified (R00-R94)
For more details, visit: https://coder.aapc.com/icd-10-codes/K42.0

hencked

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What has to be incarcerated to use a incarcerated hernia CPT code? Does it matter if the fat, omentum or intestine is incarcerated in the hernia to code it as incarcerated? Sometimes the pre and post op dx says, i.e., umbilical hernia, but in the body of the op the physicians talks about omentum being incarcerated.....I never know what has to be incarcerated to count as incarcerated hernia? Any help to clarify this question would be greatly appreciated. Thanks!
 

preserene

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Incarceration (inseparably adherent) can occur in any of the hernia; say the abdominal hernias- be it umbelical, ventral, inguinal or incisional hernia. The cause of incarceration is infection/ inflammation. So the structures from the skin to omemtum or bowel loops can get incarcerated through the hernial ring /site/defective area. (The defect is in the rectus shealth , allowing (from within) the abdominal contents to protrude through the opening in the rectus sheath/fascia upto the undersurface of the skin). Strangulated means the internal structures like,peritoneum, omentum or bowel /or all of these structures can get cought in the process and if left alone can go for gangrene.
Usually, we call incarcerarated /strangulated/ gangrenous in terms of peritoneum ,omemtum or the loops of small intestine which are prone for these processes-i e, the abdominal contents -any one of them or all of them.

All the three types (incarcerated, strangulated, or gangrenous) are" irreducible". Irreducible means the protruding herniated structures cannot be pushed back into the abdominal cavity even manually.( WHEN it goes in andcomes out ie, back and forth anytime of its own or on releasing the pressure of reduction, it is known as reducible). Irreducible can be incarcerated or strangulated or gangrenous.The difference the physician would be able to document, consolidating the findings.
Depending upon the structures involved in the process, the pathology(signs and symptoms ) shows up.
 
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hencked

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thanks

Thanks, preserene! Wonderful explanation and clears up my concerns.

hencked
 
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