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New medicare consult coding changes

  1. #1
    Default New medicare consult coding changes
    Medical Coding Books
    I listened to NGS's second free telephone conference yesterday on coding changes for consultations and I am still confused.

    This is my understanding thus far:

    If the consult occurs in the ED and you do not admit the patient, you use the ED codes to report your services based on History, Exam and MDM

    If the consult occurs in the in-patient setting, you report it using the initial care codes unless you do not have a high enough level if history and exam to bill a 99221 in which case, you would have to revert to a subsequent care code based on the level of documentation you do have.

    For observation patients, you would use the 99201 to 99215 codes to report your consult based on whether or not you have seen the patient as an outpatient in the past 3 years. The exception would be those admitted and discharged on the same day, in this case your consultation would be reported using the 99234 to 99236 codes.

    The AI modifier is not reserved strictly for the "admitting" MD. It is only to be reported by the MD who expects to be managing the patients care during their entire hospital stay.

    The confusion I have is in how they now interpret the initial care codes. I asked the question, If Dr. X sees a patient over the weekend in the hospital and Dr. Y (the patient's primary care MD from a different practice) comes in on Monday and assumes care of the patient, what code should be reported. In this case, the response I got was that Dr. X would bill the initial care codes, and Dr. Y would bill the initial care codes with the AI modifier because he will be the MD responsible for the patient's care during the in-patient stay. This confuses me because in the past, Dr. Y was not providing a "consultation" in this case, he was simply taking over the patient's care and would only have been able to code a subsequent care code. According to the information I received yesterday ALL MD's who see a patient for the first time in-patient can use the initial care codes for their first meeting with the patient during that admission. Now I have consulted another coding specialist regarding this scenerio and he disagrees feeling that,
    If a doctor was covering for my doc and did the initial visit I have to treat that patient as we are in the same group. Unless a true transfer from one hospital to the other occured, I'd suggest my doc use a subsequent care code and not another 99221-99223. I'd also suggest that the initial doc covering for me treat that patient as my patient and bill with the AI. I know that is different but I don't feel that portion of the rules has changed. "
    Does anyone else have any thoughts on this scenario:Previously, if an MD from a different practice saw a patient in the in-patient setting but did not really provide a "consult" he was simply helping cover for the weekend, he would have only billed a subsequent care code, can that MD now use the 99221-99223 codes to report his first encounter as long as the H, E and MDM requirements are met? Because that is explicitly the understanding I got yesterday. I even pointed out to the presenters that this change would work in some MD's favor as now they would be eligable for higher reimbursement, and they agreed with me. Who else has heard similar information?
    Last edited by heatherwinters; 01-13-2010 at 08:41 AM.
    Heather Winters, CPC, CFPC

  2. #2
    Location
    Evansville Indiana
    Posts
    451
    Default consults
    I would have to agree with the specialist that you quoted. It would seem to me that the same rules would apply, same practice, same specialty=same doctor. Just my two cents.

  3. #3
    Default Consult
    Same practice, yes I would say subsequent, but in this instance it would be a different practice, that is why I am confused.
    Heather Winters, CPC, CFPC

  4. #4
    Default
    The way I understand it is every unique provider should get to charge the intial codes the first time they come in as long as someone in their specialty/practice has not already done so. There is no rule that I am aware of that says if the same specialty from a different group has seen the patient already you can't use the initial codes. If there is someone please post it and the link to it.

    Since they took away the consult requirements everytime an indivual provider comes in they should all be looked at the same way.

    This works out great for my primary care providers. Previously say a surgeon admits the patient, then their blood pressure goes out of whack and they ask the primary to come in and manage it. This was a subsequent care day since they were already admitted and not a consult, now it is an initial.

    Laura, CPC, CPMA, CEMC

  5. #5
    Default Subsequent Care - 1st time seeing - now initial care
    This is my understanding as well. I have talked to another coding specialist who disagrees and he had indicated that he feels this is not the case. That is why I wanted to make sure that my understanding is correct. I have an internal med doctor who will also benefit from this in this scenario because previously there were many times when he to has been called upon to manage a portion of the patient's care and now his first encounter should be able to be billed as a consult. Does anyone else have a different understanding on this?
    Heather Winters, CPC, CFPC

  6. #6
    Location
    Milwaukee WI
    Posts
    4,466
    Default Medicare INTENDS to better pay PCP
    One of the intentions of the change regarding consultations is to free up money previously spent on incorrectly reported consultation codes to allow for an increase in pay for primary care physicians. One way to do this is to allow each unique provider to code the initial hospital visit for the first visit to the patient during that hospitalization.

    The PCPs will definitely benefit by this change. Good for them!

    F Tessa Bartels, CPC, CEMC

  7. #7
    Default Coding Consult
    Has anyone found any articles that specifically outline this aspect of the change as a benefit so I can lay to rest any opposition that this is indeed the case?
    Heather Winters, CPC, CFPC

  8. #8
    Location
    North Carolina
    Posts
    3,126
    Default
    Per CR 6740...

    "CMS increased the work relative value units (RVUs) for new and established office visits, increasing the work RVUs for initial hospital and initial nursing facility visits, and incorporating the increased use of these visits into our practice expense PE and malpractice calculations. CMS also increased the incremental work RVUs for the evaluation and management (E/M) codes that are built into the 10-day and 90-day global surgical codes."

  9. #9
    Location
    Milwaukee WI
    Posts
    4,466
    Default WPS teleconference
    I listened to the WPS teleconference today on the CMS change to consultation codes.

    Re Doctor X covering for Doctor Y WHEN they are from TWO different practices. Doctor X admits patient on Saturday; Doctor Y first sees patient in the hospital on Monday.

    If Doctor X is billing under his/her own tax ID, then, when Doctor Y first sees the patient Doctor Y codes the initial hospital visit with AI modifier (because Doctor Y will be the doctor of record for this patient for this hospital stay). Doctor X would use the initial hospital visit code as well, but without the AI modifier.

    If Doctor X is billing as "reciprocal" ... i.e. Doctor X's services are billed as if he were Doctor Y under Doctor Y's tax ID, then Doctor X bills the initial visit on Saturday with AI modifier, and Doctor Y will be billing the subsequent hospital visit when s/he actually sees the patient.

    I hope CMS realizes what a complete MESS they have made of everything!

    Hope that helps.

    F Tessa Bartels, CPC, CEMC

  10. #10
    Location
    Greeley, Colorado
    Posts
    2,045
    Question
    Now I always thought that if Dr A and Dr B were taking call for each other; of the same specialty but different practices; they could not both code an initial visit or consult - but rather subsequent care. What am I missing? If one is covering call for the other, as is quite common, how can we justify all these 99231-99233's floating around?
    Lisa Bledsoe, CPC, CPMA

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