The scenario you described doesn't sound like it qualifies for billing as Locum. The new provider isn't taking the place of another doctor who was scheduled to see patients.
Medicare says this:
H. Payment Under Locum Tenens Arrangements
The B/MAC may pay the patientâ€˜s regular physician for services of a locum tenens physician during the absence of the regular physician where the regular physician pays the locum tenens on a per diem or similar fee-for-time basis, and certain other requirements are met. (See Â§30.2.11.)
B. Payment Procedure
A patientâ€˜s regular physician may submit the claim, and (if assignment is accepted) receive the Part B payment, for covered visit services (including emergency visits and related services) of a locum tenens physician who is not an employee of the regular physician and whose services for patients of the regular physician are not restricted to the regular physicianâ€˜s offices, if:
The regular physician is unavailable to provide the visit services;
The Medicare beneficiary has arranged or seeks to receive the visit services from the regular physician;
The regular physician pays the locum tenens for his/her services on a per diem or similar fee-for-time basis;
The substitute physician does not provide the visit services to Medicare patients over a continuous period of longer than 60 days subject to the exception noted below; and
The regular physician identifies the services as substitute physician services meeting the requirements of this section by entering HCPCS code modifier Q6 (service furnished by a locum tenens physician) after the procedure code. When Form CMS-1500 is next revised, provision will be made to identify the substitute physician by entering his/her unique physician identification number (UPIN) or NPI when required to the carrier upon request.
Even though you're not going to be billing a lot of Medicare since it's OB, many carriers have similar policies. You probably need to review each carrier's plan provisions and payment policies, but this doesn't sound like a true Locum situation until the practice is purchased.
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