No, preventive E/M has its own rules. The nature and extent of the history and exam are completely different, and its based on the age and specific risk factors that apply to the patient (The guidelines are intentionally kind of vague).
Problem E/M's are based around the assessing and treating a specific presenting problem, so the code is based off of the level of difficulty involved in accomplishing those tasks. If you aren't getting enough info from the CPT guidelines for E/M services, try looking up CMS's 1995 and 1997 documentation guidelines for evaluation and management services. They're much more detailed to help with problem-based E/M code selection, and either set is acceptable to use.
One last thing - the situation you mentioned - if the ekg was done in response to a specific complaint/problem that was brought up during a preventive visit, and not just as a routine screening, you may have grounds to bill both a preventive and problem E/M (with a 25 mod on the problem E/M). It will depend on the quality and content of the documentation, though, so consult with someone who can see the actual notes if you're unsure. You'll probably only get 50% of the allowed amount for the problem E/M from commercial payers (it's a common policy), but that's still $$$ you don't want to leave on the table, if you don't have to.
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