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Thread: Left Hearth Cath,PTCA,LAD

  1. #1
    Join Date
    Apr 2007
    Location
    San Gabriel Valley,CA
    Posts
    309

    Default Left Hearth Cath,PTCA,LAD

    NEED HELP CODING THIS!!!
    Thank You!!

    PREOPERATIVE DIAGNOSIS: Acute coronary syndrome.
    POSTOPERATIVE DIAGNOSIS: Acute stent thrombosis in the left anterior
    descending (LAD).

    PROCEDURE(S) PERFORMED:
    1. Left heart catneterization, coronary angiography.
    2. Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) of the left anterior
    descending (LAD) with 2.0 balloon, followed by suction atherectomy,
    followed by PTCA with 3.25 and then ultimately with 3.5.
    3. Stenting of the very proximal area of the LAD.
    4. Ultrasound of the LAD.

    PROCEDURE: The patient was prepped and draped in the usual fashion. He was
    given pain medications in the ER and in the catheterization lab. In the
    catheterization lab he was given 1 mg of Versed and later 25 mg of Fentanyl.
    Using 2% local Xylocaine, the right femoral region was anesthetized. Using a
    single-wall technique the right femoral artery was entered. An introducer
    sheath was placed, through which a 4 left Judkins was advanced to the ostium of
    the left coronary artery. Several hand injections visualized the artery in
    various projections. This catheter was removed and replaced with a Williams
    right catheter, which was advanced to the ostium of the right coronary artery.
    Several hand injections visualized the artery in various projections.

    CARDIAC CATHETERIZATION REPORT
    At this juncture, attention was turned toward the 100% occlusion of the LAD
    just proximal to the proximal portion of the previously placed stent.
    Initially a S'port wire was advanced down the artery into the distal vessel. A
    2.0 balloon was advanced inside the stent and deflated, and flow returned.
    There appeared to be multiple clots.
    Therefore, Export catheter was brought and placed distal to the stent. Then
    suction thrombectomy was done throughout the stented area. Subsequently
    angioplasty with a 3.25 balloon was done across the entire area of the
    previously placed stent. At the end of this there was still an area of
    indentation at the very proximal portion that was not stented. Therefore, a
    3.5 x 8-mm Promus stent was placed in this area and fully expanded to 14
    atmospheres. All segments subsequently were post dilated 3.5 in the previously
    placed stent with the exception of the very distal portion.
    At this juncture ultrasound was done of the artery throughout and showed
    well-expanded stent all through, including the very proximal and newly placed
    stent. There was some mal-apposition at the very distal portion of the stent,
    but there was a greater than 3.0 lumen diameter throughout. Because of
    reclotting what appeared to be thrombosis after the thrombi in the stented area
    after the ultrasound, repeat thrombectomy and repeat angioplasty were done. At
    this juncture angiograms post showed a markedly improved artery with no
    significant residual, and there was TIMI-3 flow.

    OVERALL ASSESSMENT:
    1. Acute coronary syndrome with acute LAD stent thrombosis; circumflex no
    significant lesions; right coronary artery has multiple areas of plaquing.
    There appears to be one area in the neighborhood of 50%. Films will be
    reviewed.
    2. Acute intervention with angioplasty of the previously placed stent and
    thrombectomy.
    3. New stent placed in the proximal portion of the LAD proximal to the
    previously placed stent. This was an 8-mm 3.5 Promus stent, fully dilated
    to 14.
    4. Ultrasound showed well-expanded stent in the distal all the way through to
    the proximal. There was some small area of distal mal-apposition but good
    expansion of the stent distally. One wonders what the etiology of the acute
    stent thrombosis was. The patient was taking Plavix, by history,
    faithfully. I suspect that the original stent may not have been fully
    expanded. The characteristics of the previous stent are unknown to me.
    Despite multiple calls to Glendale Memorial, we were only able to find that
    this was a drug-eluting stent. No size and length are noted. From the
    original inflations I would suspect that under-expansion at original
    deployment was the culprit problem.
    It should be noted that the patient did clot quite significantly at the point
    of the ultrasound, despite the fact that he was on Angiomax and on ticagrelor
    throughout the entire procedure. He should be evaluated for hypercoagulability.
    Elizabeth M., CCS, CPC, ICD-10 CM/PCS
    Multi Specialty Coder/Compliance Auditor/ICD-10 Educator

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Apr 2007
    Location
    Ann Arbor
    Posts
    1,000

    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by em2177 View Post
    NEED HELP CODING THIS!!!
    Thank You!!

    PREOPERATIVE DIAGNOSIS: Acute coronary syndrome.
    POSTOPERATIVE DIAGNOSIS: Acute stent thrombosis in the left anterior
    descending (LAD).

    PROCEDURE(S) PERFORMED:
    1. Left heart catneterization, coronary angiography.
    2. Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) of the left anterior
    descending (LAD) with 2.0 balloon, followed by suction atherectomy,
    followed by PTCA with 3.25 and then ultimately with 3.5.
    3. Stenting of the very proximal area of the LAD.
    4. Ultrasound of the LAD.

    PROCEDURE: The patient was prepped and draped in the usual fashion. He was
    given pain medications in the ER and in the catheterization lab. In the
    catheterization lab he was given 1 mg of Versed and later 25 mg of Fentanyl.
    Using 2% local Xylocaine, the right femoral region was anesthetized. Using a
    single-wall technique the right femoral artery was entered. An introducer
    sheath was placed, through which a 4 left Judkins was advanced to the ostium of
    the left coronary artery. Several hand injections visualized the artery in
    various projections. This catheter was removed and replaced with a Williams
    right catheter, which was advanced to the ostium of the right coronary artery.
    Several hand injections visualized the artery in various projections.

    CARDIAC CATHETERIZATION REPORT
    At this juncture, attention was turned toward the 100% occlusion of the LAD
    just proximal to the proximal portion of the previously placed stent.
    Initially a S'port wire was advanced down the artery into the distal vessel. A
    2.0 balloon was advanced inside the stent and deflated, and flow returned.
    There appeared to be multiple clots.
    Therefore, Export catheter was brought and placed distal to the stent. Then
    suction thrombectomy was done throughout the stented area. Subsequently
    angioplasty with a 3.25 balloon was done across the entire area of the
    previously placed stent. At the end of this there was still an area of
    indentation at the very proximal portion that was not stented. Therefore, a
    3.5 x 8-mm Promus stent was placed in this area and fully expanded to 14
    atmospheres. All segments subsequently were post dilated 3.5 in the previously
    placed stent with the exception of the very distal portion.
    At this juncture ultrasound was done of the artery throughout and showed
    well-expanded stent all through, including the very proximal and newly placed
    stent. There was some mal-apposition at the very distal portion of the stent,
    but there was a greater than 3.0 lumen diameter throughout. Because of
    reclotting what appeared to be thrombosis after the thrombi in the stented area
    after the ultrasound, repeat thrombectomy and repeat angioplasty were done. At
    this juncture angiograms post showed a markedly improved artery with no
    significant residual, and there was TIMI-3 flow.

    OVERALL ASSESSMENT:
    1. Acute coronary syndrome with acute LAD stent thrombosis; circumflex no
    significant lesions; right coronary artery has multiple areas of plaquing.
    There appears to be one area in the neighborhood of 50%. Films will be
    reviewed.
    2. Acute intervention with angioplasty of the previously placed stent and
    thrombectomy.
    3. New stent placed in the proximal portion of the LAD proximal to the
    previously placed stent. This was an 8-mm 3.5 Promus stent, fully dilated
    to 14.
    4. Ultrasound showed well-expanded stent in the distal all the way through to
    the proximal. There was some small area of distal mal-apposition but good
    expansion of the stent distally. One wonders what the etiology of the acute
    stent thrombosis was. The patient was taking Plavix, by history,
    faithfully. I suspect that the original stent may not have been fully
    expanded. The characteristics of the previous stent are unknown to me.
    Despite multiple calls to Glendale Memorial, we were only able to find that
    this was a drug-eluting stent. No size and length are noted. From the
    original inflations I would suspect that under-expansion at original
    deployment was the culprit problem.
    It should be noted that the patient did clot quite significantly at the point
    of the ultrasound, despite the fact that he was on Angiomax and on ticagrelor
    throughout the entire procedure. He should be evaluated for hypercoagulability.
    What I see you have is 93454 - Coronary Angio., and 92980 - stent placement. Suction thrombectomy is not billable per American college of Cardiology.
    HTH,
    Jim Pawloski, CIRCC

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Apr 2007
    Location
    San Gabriel Valley,CA
    Posts
    309

    Default

    Thank You!!!
    Elizabeth M., CCS, CPC, ICD-10 CM/PCS
    Multi Specialty Coder/Compliance Auditor/ICD-10 Educator

  4. #4
    Join Date
    Apr 2007
    Location
    Green Bay
    Posts
    402

    Default

    What about the ultrasound part? I guess I was assuming this was IVUS and there should maybe be charge for 92978-26 as well.

    Should the provider have specifically stated IVUS?

    Jessica CPC, CCC

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