The provider examines the kidney, renal pelvis, and ureter using an endoscope, which the provider passes through an opening already established between the skin and ureter. The procedure may include a biopsy of a lesion or tissues and may include using different techniques to visualize the procedure. The procedure also includes fulguration, involving high–frequency heat, or incision to destroy tissue. The provider primarily performs the procedure to investigate as well as treat malignancy.
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