Awesome! Thank you!Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) - CPT 93000, 93005, 93010 - ICD 10 CODE R94.31
An EKG will be considered medically necessary in any of the following circumstances:
1. Initial diagnostic workup for a patient that presents with complaints of symptoms such as chest pain, palpitations, dyspnea, dizziness, syncope, etc. which may suggest a cardiac origin.
2. Evaluation of a patient on a cardiac medication for a cardiac arrhythmia or other cardiac condition which affects the electrical conduction system of the heart ( e.g., inotropics such as digoxin; antiarrhythmics such as Tambocor, Procainamide, or Quinidine; and antianginals such as Cardizem, Isordil, Corgard, Procardia, Inderal and Verapamil). The EKG is necessary to evaluate the effect of the cardiac medication on the patient’s cardiac rhythm and/or conduction system.
3. Evaluation of a patient with a pacemaker with or without clinical findings (history or physical examination) that suggest possible pacemaker malfunction.
4. Evaluation of a patient who has a significant cardiac arrhythmia or conduction disorder in which an EKG is necessary as part of the evaluation and management of the patient. These disorders may include, but are not limited to, the following: Complete Heart Block, Second Degree AV Block, Left Bundle Branch Block, Right Bundle Branch Block, Paroxysmal VT, Atrial Fib/Flutter, Ventricular Fib/Flutter, Cardiac Arrest, Frequent PVCs, Frequent PACs, Wandering Atrial Pacemaker, and any other unspecified cardiac arrhythmia.
5. Evaluation of a patient with known Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) and/or heart muscle disease that presents with symptoms such as increasing shortness of breath (SOB), palpitations, angina, etc.
6. Evaluation of a patient’s response to a newly established therapy for angina, palpitations, arrhythmias, SOB or other cardiopulmonary disease process.
7. Evaluation of patients after coronary artery revascularization by Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABGs), Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angiography (PTCA), thrombolytic therapy (e.g., TPA, Streptokinase, Urokinase), and/or stent placement.
8. Evaluation of patients presenting with symptoms of a Myocardial Infarction (MI).
9. Evaluation of other symptomatology which may indicate a cardiac origin especially in those patients who have a history of an MI, CABG surgery or PTCA or patients who are being treated medically after a positive stress test or cardiac catherization.
10. Pre-operative Evaluation of the patient when:
- undergoing cardiac surgery such as CABGs, automatic implantable cardiac defibrillator, or pacemaker, or
- the patient has a medical condition associated with a significant risk of serious cardiac arrhythmia and/or myocardial ischemia such as Diabetes, history of MI, angina pectoris, aneurysm of heart wall, chronic ischemic heart disease, pericarditis, valvular disease or cardiomyopathy to name a few.
11. Evaluation of a patient’s response to the administration of an agent known to result in cardiac or EKG abnormalities (for patients with suspected, or at increased risk of developing, cardiovascular disease or dysfunction). Examples of these agents are antineoplastic drugs, lithium, tranquilizers, anticonvulsants, and antidepressant agents.
12. When performed as a baseline evaluation prior to the initiation of an agent known to result in cardiac or EKG abnormalities. An example of such an agent is verapamil.
- Documentation supporting medical necessity should be legible, maintained in the patient’s medical record and made available to Medicare upon request.
- Documentation should demonstrate that services are provided according to all requirements of this LCD. In this respect, the record should demonstrate the following:
- Evidence of recent, past, ongoing or suspected cardiac disease or symptoms.
- For patients in whom the ECG is performed as part of the evaluation of chest pain or symptoms that are atypical for cardiac ischemia, the record must substantiate that the ordering clinician has a valid concern that the etiology of the chest pain or other symptoms is cardiac in origin. Conversely, the record may show that the ECG is being used to exclude cardiac origin for symptoms (including chest pain) for which cardiac origin cannot be excluded by history or physical examination.
- For serial ECGs, information supporting the medical necessity for repeating the studies at the given interval should be present. Sequential ECGs, either short-term for an acute condition or long-term for a chronic condition, are often appropriate. Documentation must demonstrate that the findings of the test affect management of the condition.
- The report of the professional component (the interpretation) for the ECG must be a complete written report that includes relevant findings and appropriate comparisons. The interpretation may appear on the actual tracing or with a progress note or other report of an E/M service when the ECG is performed in conjunction with performance of an E/M service. An interpretation reported in the latter fashion, when billed as a separate service from the E/M service, should contain the same information as a report made upon the tracing itself. A simple notation of “ECG/EKG normal,” without accompanying tracing, will not, in this circumstance, suffice as documentation of a separately payable interpretation.
- Preoperative ECG studies must indicate the underlying cardiac condition or risks, as well as the proposed operation for which cardiac evaluation is being performed. The ECG must be performed reasonably proximate to the proposed surgery to be considered medically necessary.