In this procedure, the provider performs thoracoscopy, using an endoscope to visually examine the pleura and lungs, to assist in performing pleurodesis. The procedure prevents pleural effusion, an abnormal accumulation of fluid within the chest cavity. In the pleurodesis procedure, she mechanically or chemically irritates the pleura, the layers covering the lungs. This in turn causes inflammation that makes the pleural layers stick together to prevent accumulation of fluid.
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