Myocutaneous (muscle) flaps are used for cosmetic procedures and to aid in repairing a wound. A myocutaneous flap includes the muscle tissue and the skin layers above it. The flap is taken from a donor site and placed at the wound site. Blood circulation to the flap is restored through microvascular reconstruction – a process where the physician joins the existing blood vessels on the flap to the vessels at the wound site under microscopic guidance. This ensures quick healing. This method is called a Free Flap. In a local flap, the flap is taken from the area surrounding the wound. In such cases one end of the flap remains connected to the skin to maintain blood supply to the flap.
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