Computed tomography (CT) is also known as CAT (computerized axial tomography), CTAT (computerized transaxial tomography), and digital axial tomography (DAT). It is a powerful noninvasive evaluation technique for producing 2D and 3D cross–sectional images of the body structures, including the bones. This CT scan study on the bones is used to evaluate diseases of bone and/or the responses of bone diseases to treatment. The studies assess bone mass or density associated with such diseases as osteoporosis, osteomalacia, and renal osteodystrophy. Various single or combined methods of measurement may be required to diagnose bone disease, monitor the course of bone changes with disease progression, or monitor the course of bone changes with therapy.
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