The provider performs arthrodesis, also known as spinal fusion, in the thoracic spine, or upper back, to permanently join two vertebrae, the interlocking bones of the spine. He applies bone graft material to fuse the spine at the back of the vertebrae, at the back and side, or at the side and across. The procedure helps to alleviate persistent pain caused by various spinal conditions, including herniated intervertebral disks, stenosis, or spinal injuries.
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