Incident to in Provider Based Clinic
The incident to rule in location of "provider based clinic" just recently changed. As you can see below, the "treating physician" must be present in order to bill the incident to.
20.5.1- Coverage of Outpatient Therapeutic Services Incident to a Physician's Service Furnished on or After August 1, 2000
(Rev. 82; Issued: 02-08-08; Effective: 01-01-08; Implementation: 03-10-08
Therapeutic services and supplies which hospitals provide on an outpatient basis are those services and supplies (including the use of hospital facilities) which are incident to the services of physicians in the treatment of patients. Such services include clinic services and emergency room services. Policies for hospital services incident to physicians' services rendered to outpatients differ in some respects from policies that pertain to “incident to” services furnished in office and physician-directed clinic settings. See the Medicare Policy Manual, Pub 100-02, Chapter 15,“Covered Medical and Other Heath Services”, section 60.
To be covered as incident to physicians' services, the services and supplies must be furnished by the hospital or CAH or under arrangement made by the hospital or CAH (see section 20.1.1 of this chapter). The services and supplies must be furnished as an integral, although incidental, part of the physician's professional service in the course of treatment of an illness or injury.
The services and supplies must be furnished in the hospital or at a department of the hospital which has provider-based status in relation to the hospital under 42 CFR §413.65 of the Code of Federal Regulations. The services and supplies must be furnished on a physician's order (or on the order of nonphysician practitioners working within their scope of work and the state and local policies) by hospital personnel and under a physician's supervision, as described below. This does not mean that each occasion of service by a nonphysician need also be the occasion of the actual rendition of a personal professional service by the physician responsible for care of the patient. However, during any course of treatment rendered by auxiliary personnel, the physician must personally see the patient periodically and sufficiently often to assess the course of treatment and the patient's progress and, where necessary, to change the treatment regimen. A hospital service or supply would not be considered incident to a physician's service if the attending physician merely wrote an order for the services or supplies and referred the patient to the hospital without being involved in the management of that course of treatment.
The physician supervision requirement is generally assumed to be met where the services are performed on hospital premises. The hospital medical staff that supervises the services need not be in the same department as the ordering physician. However, if the services are furnished at a department of the hospital which has provider-based status in relation to the hospital under 42 CFR 413.65 of the Code of Federal Regulations, the services must be rendered under the direct supervision of a physician who is treating the patient. “Direct supervision” means the physician must be present and on the premises of the location and immediately available to furnish assistance and direction throughout the performance of the procedure. It does not mean that the physician must be present in the room when the procedure is performed